Administration and Cost of Elections Project Media Code of Conduct for Election Reporting 2000
(Three international organizations produce materials for ACE, Administration and Cost of Elections Electronic Publications, a knowledge depository of electoral practice. This was adopted on July 5, 2000).
We, practitioners and other stakeholders in the media industry,
Recognising the significance of the forthcoming national multi-party elections;
Guided by the desire to ensure the success of this democratic process, and
Determined to ensure that the voters make an informed choice, hereby agree on and adopt a Code of Conduct for covering the elections as follows:
Journalists should provide fair, balanced and impartial reporting by giving space and time to all asides of an issue and to give any aggrieved party the right to reply.
Journalists reporting on elections must seek the truth.
- Respond to the Needs of Voters
Journalists must provide voter information and education in a form easily understood at all levels.
- Providing Relevant Information
Journalists must provide voters with information that would help them make their choices.
- Encourage Free Speech
The media should encourage and provide access to the voters to express their opinions and views.
- Hate Speech and Incitement
The media should report hate speeches that are likely to incite or provoke a beach of peace but should at the same time expose and take a stand against hate speech in their editorials and/or analytical articles.
- Promote Democratic Values
The media should promote democratic values such as the rule of good law, accountability and good governance.
- Commitment by Media Owners
Media owners should commit themselves to contribute towards the achievement of free and fair elections by developing the media capacity in election coverage and to giving higher priority to election matters.
- State Media Obligation
The state media have a greater and more formal obligation to provide factual election information to the public as they are supported by taxpayers and therefore should provide equal space and time to all political parties, candidates and platforms.
- Private Media Obligation
The private media have an obligation to avoid being swayed or influenced by either the owners, government, advertisers, patrons or any other organisation through direct or indirect pressure.
- Investigate Issues
The media have a responsibility to investigate and expose issues pertaining to elections in order to facilitate fair play and to level the socio-political playing ground.
- Media Obligation to Political Parties
i. The media should provide equitable and regular coverage to all political parties, their candidates and platforms;
ii. The media should encourage and promote the candidature of women and other disadvantaged groups irrespective of parties
Media should identify advertorials and charge equal rates for political parties.
- Refraining from Publishing
If the contents of a party’s advertorials violate the Constitution or the Electoral Code of Conduct or the law, the media should refrain from publishing it.
- Media and the Election Act
The media, like all other stakeholders in the election process, must adhere to the Election Act.
- Media Obligation to Electoral Authorities
The media should publish election information that is complete and accurate and cover the election process in an objective and fair manner.
- Alternative Views
Journalists should seek and publish alternative views from all stakeholders in the election process.
- Media and Civil Society
The media should work in partnership with civil society in providing civic and voter education, training and monitoring.
Journalists reporting the elections should not be compromised by gifts, favours or special treatment.
Media should not favour incumbent candidates.
- Opinion Polls
Media that publish opinion polls on the election projections should provide all available information that will help them to interpret the trends and to make informed decision.
i. Journalists should refrain from coverage that is biased and which reinforces the existing prejudices against women;
ii. Journalists should encourage women contestants by raising public awareness of the importance of women’s participation in public life and by rebuking all moves aimed at suppressing them.